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FDA warns Lilly for Alimta marketing
Associated Press - Jul. 31, 2006 - INDIANAPOLIS - Federal regulators asked pharmaceutical maker Eli Lilly and Co. on Monday to withdraw a "misleading" marketing brochure for its cancer drug Alimta.
The Food and Drug Administration said Indianapolis-based company published a 34-page patient brochure that "omits material facts and risk information essential to the safe and effective use" of the 2-year-old drug.
Alimta is used to treat mesothelioma and non-small cell lung cancer. It can also cause fetal harm to women who take the medication while pregnant.
Last year the drug accounted for $463 million in sales.
Company spokesman Greg Clarke said Lilly had not received the FDA notice, which was posted on the agency's Web site Monday.
"We will naturally work with the agency to make sure the information that's relevant and important for patients is out there, but we've not actually formally received the letter," Clarke said.
He added the notice was not a formal warning letter but "the first level of notification, the lowest level of enforcement the agency takes."
Specifically, the FDA said Lilly failed to explain what cancers the medication was approved to treat. The brochure, which has a 2004 copyright, also failed to provide a warning about administering the drug during pregnancy.
Lilly has until Aug. 11 to respond to the FDA's drug marketing division about how the company will discontinue the brochure.
The Associated Press left a message for an FDA spokeswoman.
Lilly shares fell 14 cents, or 0.3 percent, to $56.77 in trading Monday on the New York Stock Exchange.
Lilly Announces Phase II Results for ALIMTA® in First-Line Metastatic Breast Cancer Trial
Study Also Explored Biomarkers' Correlation to Drug Efficacy
ATLANTA, June 4, 2006 /PRNewswire-FirstCall via COMTEX News Network/ -- At the 42nd American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) annual meeting in Atlanta, Ga., Eli Lilly and Company announced results of a Phase II trial evaluating its leading thoracic cancer drug, ALIMTA® (pemetrexed) in first-line metastatic breast cancer. The study also detailed exploratory pharmacogenomic analyses, to potentially identify the presence of specific biomarkers for Alimta. Lilly's study is among the first bodies of research evaluating the potential use of biomarkers with chemotherapy agents.
The Phase II study was a randomized, double-blind trial of 92 patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer (MBC). The two sets of patient groups were given two different doses of Alimta.
The study concluded that since efficacy and safety for both doses were similar, the lower dose (600 mg/m squared) is suitable for further study. In addition, exploratory biomarker analysis suggests an efficacy correlation for FFGS (folypolyglutamate synthase) and TP (thymidine phosphorylase).
"We are encouraged by these results," said Allen Melemed, M.D., Lilly associate medical director and a study author. "And while it's too soon to be conclusive, it does seem like we're heading in the right direction. Our hope is to be able to offer patients and their doctors more choices, and to one day help them know with more certainty, which ones work for them."
Lilly is considering plans for a Phase III trial, as well as further evaluation of the biomarkers that were explored.
More on the Study
The trial enrolled women with a histologic/cytologic diagnosis of breast cancer, and evidence of locally recurrent disease or distant metastasis, not amenable to local therapy. Patients received Alimta (Arm A: 600 mg/m squared; Arm B: 900mg/m squared) on a 21-day cycle, with a median of six cycles delivered. All patients received folic acid and vitamin B12 supplementation. Forty-seven patients, aged 33-81 years (with a median age of 57), enrolled in Arm A and 45 in Arm B.
Arm A and B had response rates of 17 percent and 15 percent, median progression-free survival times of 4.2 and 4.1 months, and median time-to- tumor progression (TtTP) of 4.2 and 4.6 months, respectively. Toxicity was mild in both arms (grade 3/4); neutropenia less than 20 percent; leucopenia less than 9 percent). (Both neutropenia and leucopenia are related to lowered white blood cell count.) Non-hematologic side effects were mild and similar to those commonly experienced when Alimta is used as monotherapy, e.g., disorders of the blood and lymphatic system, gastrointestinal disorders, fatigue, rash and desquamation.
Primary tumor samples from 49 patients were assessed for gene expressions. Two markers, FPGS and TP, showed the most conclusive results. Best response rates and median TtTP for high vs. low FPGS expression subgroups were: 37.5 percent vs. 10 percent, and 8.57 vs. 2.99 months. The results for TP were 27.6 percent vs. 6.2 percent, and 5.39 vs. 1.94 months.
Alimta was first approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 2004 for second-line treatment of non-small cell lung cancer, and for malignant pleural mesothelioma. In the two years since its first approval for marketing, Alimta has been approved in 71 countries for either NSCLC or mesothelioma and has become the leader for these indications in most markets. Delivered via a 10-minute infusion that shows virtually no hair loss, Alimta is an antifolate, which interferes with a crucial process that allows cancer cells to reproduce and spread.
Lilly Oncology, a Division of Eli Lilly and Company
For more than four decades, Lilly Oncology has been collaborating with cancer researchers to deliver innovative treatment choices and valuable programs to patients and physicians worldwide. Inspired by the courageous patients living with cancer, Lilly Oncology is providing treatments that are considered global standards of care and developing a broad portfolio of novel targeted therapies to accelerate the pace and progress of cancer care. To learn more about Lilly's commitment to cancer, please visit www.LillyOncology.com.
Eli Lilly and Company
Lilly, a leading innovation-driven corporation, is developing a growing portfolio of first-in-class and best-in-class pharmaceutical products by applying the latest research from its own worldwide laboratories and from collaborations with eminent scientific organizations. Headquartered in Indianapolis, Ind., Lilly provides answers -- through medicines and information -- for some of the world's most urgent medical needs.
ALIMTA® (pemetrexed), Lilly
This press release contains forward-looking statements about the potential of Alimta for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer and reflects Lilly's current beliefs. However, as with any pharmaceutical product, there are substantial risks and uncertainties in the process of development and commercialization. There is no guarantee the product will receive regulatory approval for a further indication, or that it will continue to be commercially successful. For further discussion of these and other risks and uncertainties, see Lilly's filings with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Lilly undertakes no duty to update forward-looking statements.
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SOURCE Eli Lilly and Company
Gregory L. Clarke of Eli Lilly, +1-317-276-5222, mobile: +1-317-554-7119,
email@example.com ; or Martin Blair of CPR Worldwide, +1-212-453-2349, mobile:
You pay now or die early
Article from: Herald Sun
August 27, 2007 - IF you were dying of an incurable and painful cancer and had to rely on a lottery to pay for treatment that would extend your life, how would you feel?
That's the prospect facing thousands of Victorians today and as yet most of them don't know it.
If cancers were defined by character, mesothelioma would be at the cruel and sadistic end of the scale.
Mesothelioma is caused by exposure to asbestos. Diagnosis may come 40 years later, which makes it difficult to prove how the disease was contracted.
You don't have to be a tradesman who worked on a building site to have mesothelioma.
The fastest increase in diagnosis is among women, and most of them did little more to contract the disease than wash their husband's overalls or sit on their dad's knee.
If you think you can't be affected, consider that a third of all pre-1987 Australian homes are estimated to contain asbestos. Australia imported 3000 tonnes of asbestos a year until it was finally banned in 2005.
Fleeting exposure to the tiniest asbestos fibre poses a risk.
This is the disease that Bernie Banton, the public face of the fight against James Hardie, was diagnosed with only last week.
Asbestos-related diseases will kill six Australians every day over the next 20 years. The number of diagnosed cases of mesothelioma is expected to reach 18,000 by 2020, when the disease numbers are expected to peak.
Right now, another 11,000 Australians are oblivious to an asbestos time bomb ticking away inside their bodies.
There's no cure to mesothelioma, but there are treatments that can lessen the pain and give sufferers more time with their loved ones.
The treatment regarded as "gold standard" is a cocktail of two drugs, Cisplatin and Alimta. Clinical evidence shows that this may extend the life of a dying patient by about three months and up to a year or more for some victims.
It costs around $20,000 for the standard course of six treatments.
What's angering mesothelioma sufferers is that the authorities and federal Government won't provide Alimta free of charge on the PBS.
Contrast that with smokers with lung cancer. They have PBS coverage for Alimta, yet many knew the risks of what they were doing when they lit up.
If you have mesothelioma, there are ways to pay for your life-extending treatment.
None of them provides absolute certainty or peace of mind.
Some are like spinning a roulette wheel. You might stump up your worker's compensation payout, presuming you have one, but you won't be covered unless you prove the disease was contracted in the course of employment.
Some private health insurers will cover you, but that varies wildly from fund to fund, and who would have sought coverage for lung diseases 30 years ago when we were unaware of the dangers posed by asbestos?
In Western Australia, public hospitals provide Alimta free of charge but, in Victoria, the Government has refused to follow suit.
Australians living with a deadly disease contracted through no fault of their own deserve to be taken care of by the people they elect, especially when their federal Government is sitting on a $17 billon election year surplus.
Subsidising the best treatment for mesothelioma patients would cost about $33 million over five years.
Which is less than half of what the federal Government is paying for its share of the costs of next week's APEC meeting in Sydney.
LEIGH HUBBARD is executive officer of the Asbestos Diseases Society of Victoria (ADSVIC)