Types of Lung Cancer
There are two major types of lung cancers, non-small
cell lung cancer and small
cell lung cancer, depending on how the cells look under
a microscope. Each type of lung cancer grows and spreads in
different ways and is treated differently.
Lung cancer refers to malignant tumors that originate in
the lung itself. A cancer of lung lining or pleura is called
mesothelioma and is a
different type of cancer.
cell lung cancer
About 20 out of every 100 lung cancers diagnosed is small cell lung cancer. It
is called this because the cancer cells are small cells that are mostly filled
with the nucleus (the control center of cells). Small cell cancer can also be
called “oat cell” cancer. This type of cancer is usually always caused by
smoking. It is not common for someone who has never smoked to develop it. Small
cell lung cancer often spreads quite early so doctors often suggest treatment
with chemotherapy rather than surgery.
cell lung cancer
There are three types of non-small cell lung cancer. These are grouped together
because they behave in a similar way and respond to treatment differently from
small cell lung cancer. The three types are:
Squamous cell carcinoma
Large cell carcinoma
Asbestos Lung Cancer
Asbestos is the major cause of mesothelioma
which contrary to popular belief is not limited to the lungs, but can also affect the abdomen, reproductive organs, or the heart.
Pleural mesothelioma (lungs)
Secondary cancer is cancer that has spread from somewhere else in the body. There are quite a few different cancers that can spread to the lungs, including breast cancer and bowel cancer.
It is important to know what you are dealing with so that you can find the right information. The choice of cancer treatment depends on where the cancer started. When cancer spreads to the lung from the breast, the cells are breast cancer cells, not lung cancer cells. So they respond to breast cancer treatments. And cancer that has spread from the bowel should respond to bowel cancer treatments.